Thursday, September 16, 2010

Mexico Celebrates Independence from Spain

Father Miguel Hidalgo y Castilla launched the war for independence from Mexico from the church steps in Dolores Hidalgo when he read the “Call of Hidalgo. “ Today Mexico is celebrating the bicentennial of that declaration in 1810.


Mexico had a very layered society in the early 1800s. Citizens who were born in Spain occupied the highest layer of society with Criollos born in Mexico with parents born in Spain holding the next highest layer. In order after them came the Mestizos, the mix- blood offspring of Spaniards and Natives; Indios, Native Indians; Negros, African slaves. The conflict caused by how the Criollos, Mestizos, Indios, and Negros were treated differently ultimately caused them to want to be independent from Spain.

While North Americans often think Cinco de Mayo is a celebration of Mexican Independence, it is actually a celebration of the victory of the Mexican Army at the Battle of Puebla during the French invasion of Mexico in 1862.

For more information about Mexican Independence visit:

Traditions of Mexico - Diez y Seis de Septiembre
Mexican Independence Day . El Grito.16 de Septiembre

Grito de Dolores - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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